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Neora Valley National Park

Neora Valley National Park

Established in 1986, Neora Valley National Park is sprawled over an area of about 88 sq km with an altitude of 7,500 to 10,600 ft above the sea level. The national park lies in the Kalimpong Subdivision, which comes in the region of the district of Darjeeling forms a part of the northeast Indian state of West bengal.

Standing as one of the richest biological zones in the intact Northeast region of India, the park is situated in the protected area in the Biogeographic Zone 2. The National Park stands at the confluence of the three provinces, out of which two of them are Indian states named as West Bengal and Sikkim, the third being the neighboring country of Bhutan.

The highest point in the national park is the Rechela Danda. The park is densely covered with lush greenery so much so as making it inaccessible to reach and explore every part of the park, making it one of the richest eco-systems in the country, with its impenetrable jungles. The eco-system in the park is comprised of tropical, sub-tropical, sub-temperate, and temperate vegetative systems. The river Neora traverses through the park, flowing into the Neora Valley, which is a major source of drinking water for the people of Kalimpong.

Standing as the central part of the Kanchenjunga terrain, the Neora National Park is also connected to the district reserve of Toorsa, which happens to stand on the territory of Bhutan and also touches the Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary in Sikkim. The southern boundaries of the national park touch the borders of the forests of Jalpaiguri District, which connects to the Gorumara National Park and the Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary.

The land of the Red Panda in houses diverse varieties of flora and fauna. The abundant flora in the park includes rhododendron, bamboo, oak, ferns, Sal and orchids like genus, Bulbophyllum, Cymbidium, Celogyne, Dendrobium, Eira, Gastrochilus and Pleione. Neora Valley National Park has over than 30 species of mammals, which include the Red Panda, Clouded Leopard , Musk Deer, Mithun, Ghoral, Wild Dog, Himalayan Black Dear, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Himalayan Thar, Royal Bengal Tiger , five species of civet, sloth bear, golden cat, wild boar, serow, barking deer, sambar and Himalayan flying squirrel.

Also, there are more than 100 species of birds which include Eagle, Tragopan, Cuckoo, Wood Owl, Barbet, Woodpecker, Babbler, Robin, Thrush, Flycatcher, Jungle Crow, Sunbird, Maynas, Orioles, Warbler, Laughingthrush, Flowerpecker, Flycatcher and others. Some of the commonly found reptiles in the park are king cobra, common cobra krait, green pit viper, blind snake and lizards are also found. Many colorful insects such as butterflies, moths, beetles, bees, wasps, bugs and cicadas are added attractions of the valley.

To reach at the Neora Valley National Park, you can commute via all modes of transport. The nearest airdrome to the park is at Bagdora which is just at a distance of 13 km away from the park and the nearest railway station is at Lava. The park is also connected to the NH 31as it runs between Siliguri and Guwahati over to Chalsa and then there is a district road which links Chalsa to Lava and Samsing and both these town adjoins the park.

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