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Mudumalai National Park

Mudumalai National Park

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park is stationed at the intersection of the three Indian southern states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Mudumalai wildlife reserve is the prolongation of the Bandipur National Park. The sanctuary stands with the first position for being established here in south India in the year 1940 stretching over an area of 321 sq km. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary consist of untouched tropical wilderness.

Mudumalai, literally means first hills’, is divided into 5 ranges – Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota. The hilly terrain of the Western Ghats is all wrapped up with tropical deciduous forests forming the national park as one of the most attractive wildlife reserves. National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary has been also declared as a Tiger Reserve and is situated on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills, the Blue Mountains, in Nilgiri District, which is about 150 km to the north-west of Coimbatore, standing as the westernmost part of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

The park has a variety of habitats like hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps, resulting in diverse kinds of vegetation. The forest has in a variety of vegetation such as deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and scrub forests. The park also possesses flora such as bamboos (bambusa arundinacea) natural teak (tectona grandis), anogeissus latifolia, terminalia, crenulata/ terminalia tomontosa, grewia and blooming trees like Indian labumusum, aredesia and solanancea.

Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary possesses an array of wildlife. Some of animals found in the park are Indian elephants, gaur, banner, macaque, common langur, tigers, leopards, chital, panthers, sloth bear, python, barking deer, four horned antelope, otter, crocodiles (mugger), giant flying squirrel, sambar, hyena, wild dog, wild boar, mouse deer, spotted deer, jackal, hare, porcupine and mongoose. The reptiles in the park include crocodiles, pythons, bamboo pit snake, common krait and a variety of turtles, frogs and amphibians.

The park also consists of variety of birds. Peacock- the National bird of India is the main here in the park. Some other birds which can be commonly observed here, are grey jungle fowl, red spur fowl, grey partridge quails, goggle eyed plower, malabar whistling thrush, large racket-tailed dronge, the magpie-robin, spotted babbler, small green barbet, green pigeons, brown dove, malabar grey hornbill, bulbuls, mynahs eagles, hawks, buzzards, harriers, falcons and king vulture etc.

The park is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for electing it as a World Heritage Site.

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