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The city of Agra lies on the banks of the Yamuna River in India. This medieval city was found by Sultan Sikandar Lodi in the year 1506. The city has achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658. It is today a major tourist destination in India and tourist from all over India and the world come here to admire the fascinating architecture. Some of the splendid Mughal era buildings include Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri , all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Jahangir Mahal is the most important building of the Akbari period in the Agra Fort.
Moti Masjid also known as the Pearl Mosque was built in the premises of Agra fort, in the reign of shah Jahan. It took 6 years to complete in its construction. The mosque is created out of pure white marble, which gives the look of pearl. Infact, it is this pure color of the mosque made its name to be known as the Moti Masjid, where the phrase Moti states Pearl and Masjid states Mosque.
The marble tank is placed in the center of the court, making it quite impressive. The arcaded cloisters encircling the courtyard on the northern, eastern and the southern sides have twelve sided pillars and cusped arches, with having prayer chamber on its western side.
The architectural beauty of the Moti Masjid serves as the perfect example of the exquisite artistry of the artisans of India. The mosque was proposed to serve as the personal worship spot to the royal members of the court.
It is positioned near the Diwan-E-Aam, the hall where the emperor used to dictate and hear the public. The prayer hall of the mosque nestles on the western side. Moti Masjid of India is bordered, on the northern, southern and eastern side by a porch, which is bejeweled with twelve pillars and an arch. They are bedecked with marbled lattice worked screens. The western wall of the mosque is magnificently garlanded with engraved and inlaid mihrabs.
The architecture and its ornamentation, is the typical Shah Jahan era style. Located on the bank of River Yamuna, the mosque is a sacred and architectural artifact of India. Tourists visiting the Taj Mahal must visit the Red Fort so as to witness the magnificent Moti Masjid.