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Loktak Lake

Loktak Lake

Loktak Lake stands as one of the largest freshwater lakes in the north-eastern region of the country. The lake is also acknowledged as the only Floating Lake in the entire world because of its floating phumdis, the varied mass of vegetation, soil and organic matters at different stages of decaying of it. The lake is positioned near Moirang in the state of Manipur state of India. The lake houses a large number of aquatic plants and animals. The lake acts as the platform for breeding of the birds. Over 233 budding, liberated and inundated aquatic macrophytes are also found floating on the lake. The lake provides opportunity to explore another attraction of the state the Keibul Lamjao National Park, which lies on the southern end of the lake. The park is an abode to various endangered species of birds and animals.

The lake is a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply. The lake also serves as a source of livelihood for the rural fisherman, living in the neighboring areas and on phumdis, also known as “phumshongs”.

55 rural and urban rural communities encircling the lake have a population of about 100,000 people, who are dependent on the lake for their livelihood and survival. The lake is socio economically important to the state and due to its ecological status and its biodiversity values, on March 23, 1990 the Ramsar Convention declared the Loktak Lake as a wetland of the international importance.

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