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Fort William

Fort William

Fort William, nestled in the state capital, Kolkta, stands on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly forms a part of the northeastern Indian state of West Bengal. The fort took its name from the King William Third of England and Ireland second of Scotland.


There is a large open area in front of the fort, which is popularly called as Maidan. This maidan was used to be a part of the fort and today it stands as the largest urban park in the city of Kolkata. And there are two stories that are associated with the old fort, which was completed in 1706 by the British East India Company. Since 1766, this fort is used as a customs house.


The new fort was built in the maidan in the year 1758 which is built in an octagonal shape. This new fort is used as the headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army. It also in under a heavy protection and is guarded by the Indian Army. In this area, civilian entry is prohibited. An in-house guard room became the Black Hole of Calcutta.


The new fort has been built of thick mortar and brick and has six entry gates which are named as Chowringhee, Plassey Calcutta, Water Gate, St Georges and the Treasury Gate. The foundation of the old fort is still there. Even today, this military area and the arsenal inside is worth watching. The fort has a telephone office, recreation club, canteen, theater, restaurant, swimming pool and even a moat around it.


The other excursions from the palace are Indian Museum, Sahid Minar, Victoria Memorial, Rabindra Sadan, Race Course and Eden Garden, which are situated in the area.


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