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The Buxa National Park is one of the famous tiger reserves located in the Indian state of West Bengal. Sprawled over an area of about 756 sq km, Buxa National Park was honored with the status of a Tiger Reserve in 1983 and got its status of being as a national park in the year 1992. The headquarters are at Alipurduar court, which is just at a little distance from the park. This also stands as the largest forest reserve in the northern part of Bengal and the second largest reserve in West Bengal, after Sunderbans.
This forest reserve holds rich biodiversity and about 60% of the species of both plants and animals are endemic to the region. Here in the national park the avifauna is more than 230 identified species, 67 mammals and out of which 21 are endangered species, 36 species of reptiles, among which 10 are endangered species.
Apart from Bengal Tiger the flagship species, there are plenty of Leopard, Palm Civet, Wild Dogs, Malayan Gaint Squirrels, Mangooses, Asian Elephant, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Indian Civet, Gaur, Small Clawes Otter, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, Wild Buffalo, 3 varieties of Pythons, Monitor Lizard and a host of land tortoises. A number of animals like Chinese Pangolin. Regal Python (reticulate) Clouded Leopard and these all species of animals are endemic to the region.
The reserve has its two entry paths which are addressed as Buxa and Jyanti. Buxa Dwar was used by the British as the prison as it is placed in a remote place and this dwar has caged many freedom fighters in the past. The Reserve has 32 Tigers. Among the 32 reserves of tigers, Buxa Tiger Reserve holds the second highest generic diversity of mammals in India. The park can be reached via all the modes of transport and the nearest airfield it as Bagdogra, which is about 210 km from the park. New Jalpaiguri(NJP) railway station stands as the nearest railhead to the park, also the Reserve can be reached via NH31.