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Bihar

Bihar

Bihar is among the oldest states in India and is also acknowledged as the Land of Buddha, which has further incorporated it with a trail of pilgrimages and now which are known as the Buddhist Circuit. This northern state of India stands as the 12th largest state, in regard to the geographical size and the third largest state in terms of population, contributing 58% of the population under 25, in India. The Buddhist state of Bihar is sprawled over an area of about 98,163 sq km.


The name of the state has been derived from the word ‘Vihara’, which literally means Buddhist monastery. The trail of Buddha starts off from the state capital, Patna, which hosts a remarkable museum having a compilation of the Hindu and Buddhist sculptures.


The Buddhist trail begins at the capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum contains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures. Then from there, just at a drive of 40 km at Vaishali there stands second Buddhist Council displaying the ruins of Buddhism.


This circuit then leads to Nalanda, which is located at a distance of about 90 km towards the south from Patna. The name of the place Nalanda, defines as ’the place that confers the lotus’ (of spiritual knowledge). It is said that here in the place there was a monastic university, which dates back to the 5th century and was in operation till 11th century. The university accommodated 10,000 children and to teach them, around 2,000 teachers were employed. Lord Buddha himself taught here in the university.


The Royal Palace called as Rajgir is located just 12 km from south of the venue for the first Buddhist Council. Here Buddha spent five years of his life after attaining the enlightenment, therefore the palace holds many of his relics. The other important place in the Buddhist circuit is the hill of Gridhrakuta where the Buddha used to deliver his sermons.


Bodhgaya is the very place where Lord Buddha accomplished enlightenment; along with that there is a museum which keeps an anthology of Buddhist icons such as the Ashoka Lion, India’s national emblem.
Beside the Buddhist council, the state of Bihar also came into limelight when in 2002 it was divided into two parts one being Jharkhand and the other being the ancient Bihar. The state has also marked its importance in the history of India with its enlistment in the UNESCO world heritage site for its revered shrines.


Bihar travel and tourism is a popular among the Indian and foreign tourists alike and for that the Bihar tour packages are a perfect way of exploring the splendor of the destination in Northern India.


General facts about Bihar
Location: Northern India
Area: 94,163 sq km
Language: Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Angika, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika
Climate: Subtropical
Major Attractions: Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall, Nalanda Museum and Harminder Sahib
Ideal Time to Visit: November to February


Tourist sightseeing in Bihar
This culturally rich state of Bihar has many places to boast off such as Harminder Sahib, State Museum, Martyrs Memorial, Sher Shahs mausoleum, Sanjay Gandhi Zoological Park, Har Mandir Takht, Pathar ki Masjid, Khuda Baksh Oriental Library, Gandhi Setu Jalan Museum, Bihar Institute of Handicraft and Design, Golghar, Kumhrar Bagh, Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall, Nalanda Museum, Nav Nalanda Vihar and the Surya Mandir are some of the major tourist attractions in Bihar.


Climate of Bihar
The state of Bihar experiences tropical kind of climate having mild temperatures in winters as making the winter season quite pleasant and cool. Here summers are hot making it difficult to travel during this period. The best time to pay a visit to the state is during the winter season as during this time the climate is pleasant and makes it easy to travel and enjoy the trip to the Land of Buddha.


How to reach Bihar
Bihar by Air: The state capital Patna is well connected with the major cities of the country through many airlines. Hence, it makes it easy to reach through the rest of the country.
Bihar by Rail: The state capital Patna also has a good railway network which connects it with the rest of the country.
Bihar by Road: There is a well organized network of roadway in the state making it easy to connect it with the major cities of the country.


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